Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm.)

Overview

Program Objectives

  • To prepare students for the practice of pharmacy by providing them with the scientific background, clinical  and technical skills that they will need to successfully complete their program of study.
  • To provide an educational environment that enables students to acquire the behavior, and moral and ethical attitudes they will need to practice the profession competently and ethically.

Program Outcomes

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic and clinical science background of pharmacy practice.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic skills and techniques involved in drug manufacture and development, drug design and screening and quality assurance of pharmaceutical products.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the rational use of herbal supplements, fundamentals of phytotherapy and the hazards of poisonous and abused natural products.
  • Implement the processes of compounding and dispensing medications, interpreting prescription orders and applying calculations related to the compounding and dispensing of medicines.
  • Participate in patient care by influencing optimal drug choice, type of dosage form and the design of dosage regimens.
  • Develop problem solving and critical thinking abilities and the ability to retrieve, evaluate and manage information in the literature.
  • Demonstrate the ability to write clear and organized reports, and to present oral communications.         
  • Demonstrate the ability to lead and to function both independently and as a member of a team.
  • Display legal, moral and ethical attitudes and behaviours consistent with the standards of the profession.
  • Develop communication skills in order to effectively counsel patients on their medications.
  • Develop the necessary skills in information use and management to educate health care professionals and the public in optimal drug therapy.
  • Develop independent study skills for life-long learning and continuous professional development.

Career Opportunities

The curriculum is designed and continuously improved with the aim of preparing graduates to be able to effectively deliver pharmaceutical services in the private sector as well as in governmental agencies. Pharmacy graduates have the opportunity to work in different placements related to pharmacy profession:

 

  • Community pharmacies
  • Hospital pharmacies
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Pharmaceutical scientific laboratories
  • Wholesale drug stores
  • Medical representations
  • Pharmaceutical administration
  • Food control and analysis
  • Pharmaceutical education and research

Graduation Requirements

The degree of Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) will be awarded after successful completion of least one hundred and fifty credit hours (150 Credit Hours), including the university requirement courses. The period of study normally takes eight regular semesters and two-three summer semesters. In addition, every student should have field training in community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies and pharmaceutical industry of not less than 600 contact hours which is equivalent to 15 credit hours. The minimum cumulative grade point average (CGPA) for graduation is 2.0.

Admission Requirements

Prospective candidates seeking admission to the Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) program should fulfill the following requirements:

  • Secondary school certificate (science section), or its equivalent, with a minimum grade of 70 percent, approved by the UAE Ministry of Education
  • A score of 500 or higher in the TOEFL English proficiency test, or the equivalent
  • Personal interview
  • Demonstration of good conduct and maturity

Please see the university admission requirements for more detail.

Course Description

700 111 Introduction to Pharmacy (2-2-3)

This course provides an introduction to prescriptions, general dispensing procedures, dosage forms with special emphasis on pharmaceutical solutions and basic techniques of compounding simple solutions. The course also includes definitions, Latin terms, weighing and measuring and basic pharmaceutical calculations.

Pre-requisite: None

700 112 Physical Pharmacy I (2-2-3)

The course comprises the application of physicochemical principles to pharmaceutical systems. It covers basic physical pharmacy concepts: solubility distribution phenomena, buffers, isotonic solution, phase equilibria and phase rule.

Pre-requisite: 700 111

700 212 Physical Pharmacy II (2-2-3)

This course aims to provide students with basic knowledge of physicochemical principal in pharmacy and their possible applications in explaining characteristics and behavior of pharmaceutical dispersed systems such as colloids, suspensions, emulsions, ointments, pastes, creams and aerosols.

Pre-requisite: 700 112

700 213 Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms I (2-2-3)

The course comprises principles and techniques involved in the formulation, preparation and evaluation of solid dosage forms. It covers physical properties of powders, preparation of bulk and divided powders, as well as effervescent and non- effervescent granules and method of tablet and capsule manufacture. The course also covers rectal drug absorption, formulation and evaluation of suppositories.

Pre-requisite: 700 112 College of Education & Basic Sciences 407

700 214 Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms II (2-2-3)

This course covers sterile products including parenterals and ophthalmic preparations; their advantages and disadvantages formulations, quality control tests and various sterilization procedures. In addition to aseptic techniques applied during the preparations of sterile products. The course also includes an introduction to sustained released products, packaging as well as basic principles of drug stability, and routes of drug degradation and various means of avoiding them.

Pre-requisite: 700 213

700 311 Bio-pharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics I(2-2-3)

This course provides the basic principles required for understanding the concentration-time course of a drug in the body and hence prepares students to understand various factors that can influence it. It is important to be aware of the factors which can influence this concentration–time course and hence modify the effectiveness and safety of the drug. Factors involved include physicochemical, pharmaceutical ones, or those such as physiological or pathological factors related to the patient’s condition. It also provides basic methods for assessing bio-availability and bio-equivalency of drug products which are considered vital tools for quality control tests. Bio-pharmaceutical aspects of new drug delivery systems will also be highlighted.

Pre-requisites: 700 214, 700 422

700 312 Bio-pharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics II(2-2-3)

The course will introduce the student to the changes in drug absorption, distribution and elimination with time following one compartment IV bolus, oral absorption and IV infusion. The lectures will provide students with principles of the linear and non-linear pharmacokinetic models and their application. The principles of clinical pharmacokinetics are also introduced in order to be able to formulate or modify drug dose-regimens according to the need of patients.

Pre-requisite: 700 311

700 413 Pharmaceutical Technology (3-2-4)

This course comprises the design of pharmaceutical plants as well as the design and operation of clean rooms with special emphasis on quality assurance and good manufacturing practice guidelines. The course also covers theoretical background and practical demonstration of different manufacturing unit processes: heat transfer, filtration, particle size reduction, particle size analysis, mechanisms of mixing, powder flow, granulation, drying, tableting and capsulation. In addition the course covers packaging materials used in pharmacy. Pre-requisite: 700 212, 700 214. Undergraduate Student Catalog 408

700 415 Pharmaceutical Technology Training (3-3)

The course provides the student with basic training in large scale manufacturing of pharmaceutical dosage forms and quality control tests conducted for such dosage forms. It also covers quality assurance and good manufacturing practice guidelines followed during large scale manufacturing of various pharmaceutical dosage forms. Pre-requisite: 700 413

700 515 Pharmaceutical Bio-technology (College Elective Course) (3-3)

The course introduces the student to the background of biotechnology and its application in various scientific fields. The course also covers the different methods adopted for preparation of biotechnology products and their evaluation, handling and storage.

Pre-requisite: 700 232 College of Education & Basic Sciences 409

DEPARTMENT of PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY and PHARMACOGNOSY

700 124 Pharmaceutical Botany (2-2-3)

This course deals with the study of the medicinal plants and their botanical structure such as cell differentiation, cell contents and the general study of the plant organs macroscopically and microscopically.

Pre-requisite: None

700 127 General Pharmacognosy (3-2-4)

Pharmacognosy is the subject that deals with the general study of important medicinal plants. The study includes their origin, morphology, histology, constituents and use. The drugs are classified into groups according to their main therapeutic values.

Pre-requisite: 700 124

700 128 Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I (2-2-3)

This course presents the fundamental of certain topics in organic chemistry. It covers some important areas in organic chemistry, which include aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl and aryl halides, alcohols, ethers and epoxides. It emphasizes the pharmaceutical importance of these functional groups.

Pre-requisites: None Undergraduate Student Catalog 410

700 129 Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry II (2-2-3)

This course is a continuation of Pharm. Organic Chemistry I. The course includes basic chemical reactions and mechanisms, Stereo-chemistry, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acid and acid derivatives, properties and reactions of dysfunctional compounds, amines, aromatic and heterocyclic compounds, and introduction to organic natural products. Laboratory work concerns specific chemical reactions, organic synthesis and identification of organic compounds.

Pre-requisite: 700 128

700 222 Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry I (2-2-3)

The course covers chemical purity and its control; pharmacopoeial standards and specifications, theoretical basis and practical applications of quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical compounds applying volumetric methods based on acid-base, diazotization, complexation and non-aqueous titrations.

Pre-requisite: 700 128

700 223 Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry II (2-2-3)

A continuation of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry I, this course covers volumetric analysis based on oxidation-reduction and precipitation as well as gravimetric analysis.

Pre-requisite: 700 222

700 321 Phytochemistry (3-2-4)

This course covers the study of the chemistry of crude drugs such as volatile oils, glycosides, alkaloids bitter Principles, resins and saponins, etc. The study covers the biosynthesis, the chemical and physical properties, identification tests, and methods of isolation and methods of assays.

Pre-requisites:700 127, 700 425

700 323 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry I(2-2-3)

This course covers the basic principles of medicinal chemistry. It deals with the relationship between chemical structure and biologic activity. Topics covered include the effect of physicochemical properties on biologic response, the effect of molecular modification on receptor binding, and drug metabolism. The second part of the course is devoted to the study of chemotherapeutic agents including antibiotics, synthetic antibacterial agents and antifungal and antiviral agents. College of Education & Basic Sciences 411

Pre-requisites: 700 129, 700 333

700 324 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry II(2-2-3)

This course covers the chemistry, structural features and structure – activity relationships of the major classes of pharmacotherapeutic agents. The course adopts a pharmacological classification, but within each class the emphasis is on the chemical basis of drug action. Topics covered include adrenergic and cholinergic drugs, CNS depressants, analgesics, antihistamines, local anesthetics and cardiovascular drugs.

Pre-requisite: 700 323

700 422 Instrumental Analysis I (2-2-3)

The course provides an introduction to the instrumental methods of analysis including spectroscopic methods of analysis such as UV – VIS and flourimetry; in addition to the following electro chemical methods: conductometry, potentiometry, amperometry and polarography. Pre-requisite: 700 223

700 425 Instrumental Analysis II (2-2-3)

This course aims to introduce students to application of the concept of applying instrumentation for the separation of mixtures as well as the qualitative and quantitative analysis of medicinal and pharmaceutical formulations. The course covers different chromatographic methods and techniques (PC, TLC, IEC, CC, GPC, GC, HPLC) in addition to infra-red spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy. Pre-requisite: 700 422

700 522 Phytotherapy (College Elective Course) (3-3)

The course covers medicinal plants and other naturally-occurring medicinal compounds intended for treatment of different ailments of the human body. The study includes knowledge of active constituents of these natural products, suggested pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of these constituents, as well as the appropriate dosage forms for administration of their preparations. Monographs on Materia Medica of selected medicinal herbs are also included in the study. Pre-requisite: 700 321 after 115 Credit Hours

700 527 Nuclear Pharmacy (College Elective Course)(3-3)

The course provides a comprehensive discussion of the fundamentals of the field of nuclear pharmacy. It covers the formulation and application of radiopharmaceuticals. Topics include the preparation, and quality control of clinically useful radiopharmaceuticals. Procedures and techniques involved in handling, disposition, and use of radioisotopes in nuclear pharmacy practice will be discussed. Diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radiopharmaceuticals and their adverse reaction are included. Pre-requisite: 115 Credit Hours Undergraduate Student Catalog 412

DEPARTMENT of PHARMACOLOGY and TOXICOLOGY

700 135 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology I (3-2-4)

This course provides students with a broad knowledge of the structure and functions of the human body. The course includes the structure and function of the normal cell; tissues in general, their different types, microscopic characteristics, locations, distribution and functions in the human body and of the different organ system and their respective roles and function in the organization of the body. Gross anatomy is treated in its broadest aspects and includes the human skull and the different systems; muscular, respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, nervous and reproductive. The physiology is integrated with anatomy for each system of the human body. Topics which are covered in detail include the organization, regulation and function of the muscular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, cardiovascular, renal, endocrine, nervous and reproductive systems. Clinical applications related to these systems are mentioned.

Pre-requisite: None

700 136 Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology II(2-2-3)

Continuation of Principles of Anatomy and Physiology I (700 135) Pre-requisite: 700 135

700 231 Biochemistry I (2-2-3)

The course covers the study of the structure and function of the biological constituents of living cells and their chemical reactions. Emphasis is made on the structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and vitamins. Enzyme kinetics and enzyme-catalyzed reactions are also covered. Pre-requisite: 700 129

700 232 Biochemistry II (2-2-3)

The study of the metabolism and biochemical energetics is covered in the course with emphasis on intermediary metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. The course also includes the biosynthesis of biologically important macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Special topics including hormones, nutrition, starvation, obesity, and molecular basis of human diseases are also covered. Pre-requisite: 700 231 College of Education & Basic Sciences 413

700 235 Pharmacology and Therapeutics I (2-2-3)

The course covers General Pharmacology: Principles of drug action, routes of administration of drugs, passage of drugs across cell membranes and factors affecting the dosage and action of drugs. The autonomic nervous system: Introduction, sympathomimetics, sympathetic depressants, parasympathomimetics, parasympathetic depressants and drugs acting on autonomic ganglia. Skeletal muscle relaxants. Drugs acting on respiratory system. Autacoids and local hormones are also covered. Pre-requisite: 700 136

700 238 Pharmacology and Therapeutics II (2-2-3)

This course covers the action of drugs on the cardiovascular system (CVS), rental system, haematopoitic system and in the gastrointestinal tract (G.I.T). Pre-requisite: 700 235

700 331 Pharmacology and Therapeutics III (2-2-3)

The course covers the action of drugs on the central nervous system and the endocrine system. Pre-requisite: 700 238

700 333 Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Immunology(3-2-4)

This course covers five areas: General microbiology: sterilization of pharmaceuticals, preservatives and preservation of pharmaceutical dosage forms and industrial microbiology. Topics covered include: immunology - mainly immunity and infection, immune system and hypersensitivity; hygiene - pathogenesis of bacterial infections, etiology, clinical picture, lab diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of diseases caused by the different bacteria; virology - general properties of viruses; food microbiology - microorganisms associated with food and water. Pre-requisite: 700 231

700 432 Toxicology and Chemotherapy (2-2-3)

This course covers the adverse and toxic effects of drugs and many other chemicals that may be responsible for household, environmental and industrial intoxication. It also covers heavy metals toxicity and its management, common poisons and their antidotes, air pollutants, solvents and vapours and toxicity of pesticides. Chemotherapy covers the classification mechanism of action, clinical indications and adverse effects of anti-infective agents. These include antimicrobials, antiviral, antifungal, anthelimentics, antitubercular and antileprotic agents. Pre-requisites: 700 311, 801 318 Undergraduate Student Catalog 414

700 434 Bioassays and Drug Screening (2-2-3)

This course covers the collection, classification and summarization of data, graphical presentation and the survey of basic distribution, estimations and significance tests. The course covers general methods of bioassay and drug screening of local hormones and drugs acting on ANS, CNS, CVS, NMJ, GIT and the respiratory system. It also deals with the design and analysis of pharmacological experiments.

Pre-requisites: 700 331, 103 110

801 318 Pathology (2-2)

The course covers the fundamentals of the basic disease processes of the body: gross, microscopic and biochemical features of pathologic conditions of the organ systems are studied in detail in order to establish a sound foundation for pharmaceutical and clinical practice.

Pre-requisite: 700 333

700 534 Clinical Microbiology (College Elective Course)(2-2-3)

The course provides students with basic knowledge of the important signs, symptoms and etiology of diseases as well as mechanisms of preventing infection and the means of identifying and diagnosing causative agents.

Pre-requisite: 700 333

700 535 Gene Therapy (College Elective Course) (3-3)

The course is designed to provide students with a clear understanding of how human genes causing disease can be identified, and the impact of this on diagnosis, prevention and treatment. Methods used to isolate genes involved in disease and types of gene therapy treatment will also be discussed. The course deals with the basic science of gene therapy, gene delivery vectors, expression of transferred genes, and current gene therapy protocols in humans. Regulatory issues concerning biomaterials will also be addressed. Recognition of the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of gene therapy will be included.

Pre-requisites: 700 232, 700 333 after 115 Credit Hours College of Education & Basic Sciences 415

DEPARTMENT of CLINICAL PHARMACY

700 442 Clinical Pharmacy I (2-2-3)

The course builds on the prior knowledge gained in pharmacology, biopharmaceutics and kinetics. The overall aim of the module is to develop the skills that students require to understand new aspects of pharmacy practice and the concept of pharmaceutical care. Upon completion of the course, students should be able to demonstrate sound knowledge and understanding of the pathophysiology of major organ diseases, namely, the cardiovascular, respiratory, and endocrine systems. Furthermore, the course is designed to enable students to: analyze and review a patient’s case history in the light of pathophysiology of disease; critically evaluate literature and data relating to the clinical use of medicines; identify independently different medical abbreviation and terminology and acquire effective skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening to enable them to communicate effectively with doctors and other healthcare professionals.

Pre-requisites: 700 312 and 700 331

700 443 Clinical Pharmacy II and First Aid (2-2-3)

The course builds on the prior knowledge gained in Clinical Pharmacy I. The overall aim of the module is to help students to access the knowledge base and skills required for assessment of pharmaceutical needs of patients in either primary or secondary healthcare settings and to understand how major diseases are managed, including the options available for drug therapy. The importance of establishing therapeutic goals for the patient will be emphasized throughout the course. The first aid section of this course is designed to educate students as to the correct procedures to be followed in the emergency care of a sick or injured person. The course is designed with great emphasis on the skills and knowledge critical to saving life and minimizing the severity of injury or sudden illness. Safety awareness and accident prevention are emphasized throughout the course.

Pre-requisite: 700 442

700 418 OTC Drug and Products (2-2-3)

The course is designed to provide the student with a solid knowledge of OTC drugs in all aspects with the objective of graduating a patient-oriented pharmacist. This will include monitoring, screening and evaluating drug treatment regimens either in community or hospital settings. In particular, symptoms associated with common diseases will be considered with respect to: possible causes; symptoms and signs; treatment available; counseling points; and when to refer to doctors. This course is also designed to enable students to decide on the diagnosis of a complaint through the use of questioning techniques; recognize and evaluate the symptoms of minor ailments; select a suitable treatment, if any, and give appropriate advice; assess “danger symptoms” and judge when it Undergraduate Student Catalog 416

is appropriate to refer the patient; and choose an effective level of communication with patients and other healthcare professionals.

Pre-requisites: 700 312 and 700 331

700 416 Pharmaceutical Legislations (1-1)

This course is designed to acquaint students with the legal and ethical basis of pharmacy practice. The course emphasizes the pharmacist's responsibility to care for patients and to respect patients as autonomous individuals. A detailed presentation of the laws that govern and affect the practice of pharmacy in UAE is included. Major topics include general legal principles, noncontrolled and controlled prescription requirements and over-the-counter drug requirements.

Pre-requisite: 700 416

700 417 Marketing and Sales (1-1)

This course is designed to provide pharmacy students with the basic principles and theories of marketing as well as the principles of management and administration of a pharmacy in community and institutional settings. The course will cover all aspects of selling including applying standard criteria to evaluate the quality of selling, retail selling and product planning.

Pre-requisite: 700 442

700 314 Community Pharmacy Training I (3-3)

700 316 Community Pharmacy Training II (3-3)

Through the utilization of selected community pharmacies and competency based objectives, the student will gain an appreciation for the profession of pharmacy as practiced in the community and develop the professional attitudes, judgment and skills needed to function in this setting. These courses are designed to enable students to: acquire advanced knowledge and proficiency in community pharmacy management, process prescriptions in an efficient manner compatible with advanced skills, acquire additional exposure to pharmacy operations and to different practitioners’ disease approach, develop the skills necessary to provide pharmaceutical care services and acquire increased proficiency in counseling patients on health and drug-related matters.

Pre-requisites: for 700 314:700 111, 30 hours Pre-requisites: for 700 316: 700 314, 700 442

700 315 Hospital Pharmacy Training (3-3)

This training is designed to provide students with the principles of pharmacy practice in a hospital setting. The training program aims to enable the students to acquire practice experience in various areas of hospital pharmacy including: understanding the basic layout of the pharmacy College of Education & Basic Sciences 417

department in a hospital setting; understanding the system of referral, identifying and reporting any possible drug interactions and mastering the administrative part of hospital pharmacy services.

Pre-requisite: 700 333

700 317 Clinical Pharmacy Training (3-3)

This course is designed to provide the students with professional practice experience in clinical pharmacy. This includes acquiring the following competencies: independently reviewing and analyzing a patient’s case history and identifying possible problems associated with the use of medicines, actively participating in drug choice and in the design of dosage regimens to ensure optimal drug therapy.

Pre-requisites: 700 418, 700 442

700 421 Project (2-2-3)

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the techniques involved in the development of a project in the basic, pharmaceutical or clinical sciences. The project will be assigned and the student will be expected to perform literature reviews and other work deemed necessary by the college instructor to produce an acceptable final written report

Pre-requisite: 115 Credit Hours